Resumen. El presente artículo muestra los resultados del análisis del the verification of the compliance of said materials with the INVIAS and. IDU- Artículo de Investigación/ResearchArticle te millones de llantas de neumático son desechadas anual- .. INVIAS – Instituto Nacional de Vías ( a). No forest (grass, crops, bare soil). 0– m. – m. 10 .. (INVIAS- Instituto Nacional de Vias, ) and have been shown to generate . reglamenta el articulo de la Ley 99 de modificado por el articulo.

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In practice, given public security restrictions, not all citizens are able to vote. A YES score is earned if all citizens citizen is defined broadly, to include all ethnicities, or anyone born in the country have the right under law to run for political office.

The main obstacle to free voting is the insecurity derived from the armed conflict. Some unofficial barriers, such as harassment of minority groups, may occur. All political parties and independent candidates have some access to media outlets. Although there are no specific regulations requiring broadcast media to disclose their ownership, the selection process for acquiring licenses implicitly requires them to disclose ownership.

As for slope, 4. The criteria for the selection is still not clear and it is expected that there will be a trade off between giving opportunities to everyone and selecting those who have more technical experience and resources.

D Simplified concentration of endemic and threatened bird species 0—6, and 7—14 species. A YES score is still earned even if the entity is legally separate but in practice staffed by partisans. National security exemptions may be abused to avoid disclosure of government information. A review of assessing the accuracy of classifications of remotely sensed data.


Licenses are required, and impose a financial burden on the organization. As for violations of the norms of political party funding, the CNE has the faculty to initiate investigations if there are irregularities; however, the perception is that even if investigations are initiated they are rarely concluded.

GIR Scorecard Colombia |

Inconvictions for crimes against union members increased in partially in response to pressure from the United States Congress in connection with the Colombian Free Trade Agreement FTA.

Journalists also reported verbal attacks. A YES score is earned if freedom artiuclo individual speech is guaranteed in law, including to all political parties, religions, and ideologies.

Despite the advances in accessing general information, there are still many problems at the local level and also in the access of sensitive information. El Tiempo 25 de octubre de http: Click here for additional data file.

Support Center Support Center. In practice, during the most recent election, political parties or independent candidates received fair media coverage. The mass media, on balance, have clear preferences in election outcomes and coverage is driven to achieve these goals.

We further prioritized restoration areas by overlapping these conservation priorities with a forest cover map. According to the OAS Mission of Electoral Observation it has been very effective in following up on irregular election processes. Such a petition had been made for invjas than 10 years and the Ministry had denied the opening, arguing that there was over-offering of radio stations in capital cities. Third, voters are usually able to check the accuracy of their registration only on election day, without having enough time to change it.

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Supplemental Information Supplemental Information 1 Bird data used in the bird analyses: Licenses may require a visit to a specific office, such as articklo regional or national capital.

onvias It seems that CSOs working on good governance and anti-corruption issues do not receive these tax deductions. This situation enables candidates or armed groups interested in qrticulo the electoral process, to control individual preferences.

Thus in practice, many local NGOs are not able to speak out as they might be threatened by armed groups or corrupt public employees at the local level.

Pimm is an Academic Editor for PeerJ. By prioritizing these areas, we facilitate the application of Article which requires local and regional governments to invest in land purchases for the conservation of watersheds.

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Trade unions exist, but are not always relevant to politics or policy debates. A YES score is also earned if individual contributions are prohibited. Barriers to organizing trade unions exist, such as intimidation at work, or retribution firings. The costs of running a campaign are extremely high and result in most average citizens being unable to run an effective campaign for office.

The Electoral Council nullified 49, voter ids because people wanted to vote in places where they did not live, and in some cases this represented an unlikely increase in the electoral registries of many municipalities, which could lead to fraudulent elections.