Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India. He spent most of his life in Bhinmal which was under the rule. Brahmagupta was an Ancient Indian astronomer and mathematician who lived from AD to AD. He was born in the city of Bhinmal in Northwest India. Brahmagupta was a famous mathematician and astronomer who lived in seventh century India. His ideas were so profound that they still influence.

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Multiplication, evolution, and unknown quantities were represented by abbreviations of appropriate terms. He posed the biograpyy to find a perfect square that, when multiplied by 92 and increased by 1, yields another perfect square. Ghurye believed that he might have been from the Multan or Abu region. Copyrights Brahmagupta from Gale. In Brahmasphutasiddhanta, multiplication was named Gomutrika. The bgahmagupta of astronomy and astrology number theory In number theory: Hoyland, Islamic Cultures, Islamic Contexts: Brahmagupta lived in a time when it was thought that the sun and other planets revolved around the earth, but he was still able to give an brahmaguptw figure for the length of a year, days 6 hours 5 minutes and 19 seconds which he later revised to days 6 hours 12 minutes and 36 seconds.

Brahmagupta biography

Astronomical details reflecting his substantial astronomical work. It is interesting to note also that the algebra of Brahmagupta, like that of Diophantus, was syncopated. The product of the first [pair], multiplied by the multiplier, with the product of the last [pair], is the last computed. He is believed to have died in Ujjain. A negative brhamagupta zero is negative, a positive [minus zero] positive; zero [minus zero] is zero.

The brightness is increased in the direction of the sun. The height of a mountain multiplied by a given multiplier is the distance to a city; it is not erased.


The kingdom of Bhillamala seems to have been annihilated but Ujjain repulsed the attacks. Subtract the colors different from the first color. His main, but not sole, achievements in the field of mathematics were the introduction of zero and negative numbers.


Bhaskara IIndian astronomer and mathematician who helped to disseminate the mathematical work of Aryabhata born A good deal of it is astronomy, but it also contains key chapters on mathematics, including algebra, geometry, trigonometry and algorithmics, which are believed to contain new insights due to Brahmagupta himself.

One theorem gives the lengths of the two segments a triangle’s base is divided into by its altitude:. He stressed brahmagipta importance of these topics as a qualification for a mathematician, or calculator ganaka. The mathematician Al-Khwarizmi — CE wrote a text called al-Jam wal-tafriq bi hisal-al-Hind Addition and Subtraction in Indian Arithmeticwhich was translated into Latin in the 13th century as Algorithmi de numero indorum.

That is, he sought whole numbers brwhmagupta and y such that 92 x 2 …. Brahmagupta directed a great deal of criticism towards the work of rival astronomers, and his Brahmasphutasiddhanta displays one of the earliest schisms among Indian mathematicians.

He is believed to have died sometime after AD. Number theory in the East. The astronomy included in these books deals with planetary movement and eclipses. Mathematics portal Astronomy portal Biography portal India portal. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

That of which [the square] is the square is [its] square-root.

When a positive is to be subtracted from a negative or a negative from a positive, then it is to be added. If the moon were above the sun, how would the power of waxing and waning, etc. A negative or a positive divided by zero has that [zero] as its divisor, or zero divided by a negative or a positive [has that negative or positive as its divisor]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The four fundamental operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division were known to many cultures before Brahmagupta.

Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. In chapter twelve of his BrahmasphutasiddhantaBrahmagupta provides a formula useful for generating Pythagorean triples:. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. The square of a negative or of a positive is positive; [the square] of zero is zero.


The Progenitors, twins; Ursa Major, twins, the Vedas; the gods, fires, six; flavors, dice, the gods; the moon, five, the sky, the moon; the moon, arrows, suns [ Prithudaka Svamina later commentator, called him Bhillamalacharyathe teacher from Bhillamala.

There was a problem with your submission. The procedures for finding the cube and cube-root of an integer, however, are brahmagputa compared the latter to Aryabhata’s very similar formulation.

Brahmagupta Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

The reader is expected to know the basic arithmetic operations as far as taking the square root, although he explains how to find the cube and cube-root of an integer and later gives rules facilitating the computation of squares and square roots.

The city was a center of learning for mathematics and astronomy, and he flourished as an astronomer in the intellectual atmosphere of the city.

The division was primarily about the application of mathematics to the physical world, rather than about the mathematics itself. Later, Brahmagupta moved to Ujjainwhich was also a major centre for astronomy. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

His remaining eighteen sines are,,,, However, he lived and worked there for a good part of his life. This leads up to Brahmagupta’s famous theorem. As a young man he studied astronomy extensively. The work is thought to be a revised version of the received siddhanta of the Brahmapaksha school, incorporated with some of his own new material. Lalla and Bhattotpala in the 8th and 9th centuries wrote commentaries on the Khanda-khadyaka.