Ecological sanitation, commonly abbreviated as ecosan is an approach to sanitation provision For this reason, the term “ecosan toilet” is widely used when people mean a UDDT. However, the ecosan concept should not be limited to one. Introduction: The ECOSAN Toilet is a waterless, dehydration / evaporation system that provides a safe, non-polluting and cost effective solution for areas where. The technical manual for constructing EcoSan toilet was a team effort. We want to take this opportunity to extend our sincere thanks to all the people who made.

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Traditional forms of sanitation and excreta reuse have continued in various parts of the world for centuries and were still common practice at the advent of the Industrial Revolution. In the ecosan concept, human excreta and wastewater is regarded as a potential resource — which is why it has also been called “resource oriented sanitation”. They used urine diverting dry toilets UDDTs coupled with reuse activities. How is it used? If anything is unclear about how the filter and search combinations work, just contact us: Governance of water and sanitation services Participative Community management.

Even as the world became increasingly more urbanised, the nutrients in excreta collected from urban sanitation systems without mixing with water were still used in many societies as a resource to maintain soil fertility, despite rising population densities.

A10 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines with urine separation

The reuse was not limited to agricultural production. The term “productive sanitation” has also been in use since about Available in french and english at: Urine was collected in containers in all houses, then mixed with mud and used as a fabric dye.

Some proponents of ecosan have been criticised as being too dogmatic, with an over-emphasis on environmental resource protection rather than a focus on public health protection and provision of sanitation at a very low cost for example UDDTswhich some people call “ecosan toilets”, may be more expensive to build than pit latrines, even if in the longer term they are cheaper to maintain.


Sanitation Sewerage Environmental engineering Urban agriculture. Ecosan offers a flexible framework, where centralised elements can be combined with decentralised ones, waterborne with dry sanitation, high-tech with low-techetc.

Ecological sanitation – Wikipedia

Retrieved 19 November Illustrated summary fact sheet on the various types of ecological toilets: Impacts on Yield Quality”. How to choose them A6 – Simple dry non-ventilated pit latrines A7 fcosan Alternatives of these single-pit latrines and twin pit latrines A8 – Dry self-ventilated improved pit latrines VIPsimple or twin pit A9 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines A11 – Biological latrines with family-size biogaz reactors combined with small farms A12 – More modern toileets, with siphon and manual or mechanical flush A13 – Latrines and sanitary units for schools and communities.

However, the most renowned example of the organised collection and use of human excreta to support food production is that of China. Water Eecosan and Technology: Here you will find more information on the following: Ok I’ve got it. Available, on line at: His ecosan-type toilets are now in use in countries across the globe, centred on converting a sanitary problem into a productive resource.

EcoSan toilet adapted for underground mines. See pages 49 to 72 and 84 to in particular. Particular care should thus be taken to make sure that users use these latrines properly and do not toilet urine through the holes in the slabs or seats reserved for faeces or vice versa.

The term “ecosan” was first used in and the first project started in Ethiopia, by an NGO called Sudea. Are you from Australia and need more information? It desires to “close the loop” mainly for the nutrients and organic matter between sanitation and agriculture.

Ecological sanitationcommonly abbreviated as ecosan also spelled eco-san or EcoSanis an approach ecodan sanitation provision which aims to safely reuse excreta in agriculture. Sustainable use of phosphorus. This fairly recent type of latrine was introduced by research organizations such as CREPA in Burkina Faso or NGOs such as Toilettes du monde and is currently in widespread use and is one of the most recommended types.


Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Anthropocene Earth system governance Ecological modernization Environmental governance Environmentalism Global catastrophic risk Human impact on the environment Planetary boundaries Social sustainability Stewardship Sustainable development.

Worldwide list of documented ecosan projects by various organisations.

Toklets cities were rapidly urbanizing and sanitation was becoming an increasingly serious problem, whilst at the same time the cities themselves toiles becoming an increasingly important source of agricultural nutrients.

In fact, ecosan systems can be “unsustainable”, for example, if there is too little user acceptance or if the costs of the system are too high for a given target group of users, making the system financially unsustainable in the longer term. Pit Toilets Click here for the Pit Toilet page. We ask for your tollets. Click on a working group to the right to find out more about its work or to join it. Whilst the term “ecosan” was preferred in the initial stages of this program, it was from onwards more and more replaced by the broader term ” sustainable sanitation “.

One of the aims is to minimise the use of non-renewable resources. It is therefore an improved composting latrine see fact sheet A9. Dry type latrines, which thus work without water, the most ecological of which ecowan urine from faeces allowing waste to be recycled by turning them into compost excreta or liquid fertiliser urine which can be used to fertilise soil or crops.