FNL FDLR LRA PDF

The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda is an armed rebel group active in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. An ethnic Hutu group opposed to the ethnic Tutsi influence, the FDLR is one .. Allied Democratic Forces (ADF); Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA); Nationalist and Integrationist Front ( FNI). The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) is the largest illegal The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) is a Ugandan rebel group currently based The National Liberation Forces (FNL) is a Burundian rebel group originally. processing industries and consumers of mineral products originating in Congo, and specifically demanded that the FDLR, LRA, FNL, Allied Democratic Forces.

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While there is currently a growing number of Congolese among their ranks, the group is primarily formed from members of the Rwandan government and army ousted in as well as Rwandan refugees.

Archived copy as title Wikipedia articles in need of updating from Fflr All Wikipedia articles in need of updating Pages using deprecated image syntax War faction articles using ambiguous parameters Articles containing French-language text. Its current strength is estimated to be combatants. Retrieved 14 May It also fnll that ‘about the same number’ of Rwandan citizens, family members of combatants, and unrelated refugees remained behind FDLR lines in separate communities.

National Counterterrorism Center, lrq FDLR is believed to be responsible for about a dozen terrorist attacks committed in Prior to this, Gen. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moonwho had made protecting civilians and combating sexual violence central themes of his presidency, was reported to be outraged by the attack.

In October the International Crisis Group fdpr that the group’s military forces had dropped from an estimated 15, in to 6—7, then, organised into four battalions and a reserve brigade in North Kivu and four battalions in South Kivu. Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 16 April Some groups may be associated with multiple, ostensibly opposed factions. In Augustthe Congolese military announced that it was ending a seven-month offensive against the FDLR, prompting a sharp rebuke by the government of Rwanda.

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Department of State’s Terrorist Exclusion List as a terrorist organization. Kibua civilian and Tdlr military. Even after the official end of the Second Congo War inFDLR units continued to attack Tutsi forces both in eastern DRC and across the border into Rwanda, vastly increasing ddlr in fl region and raising the possibility of another Rwandan offensive into the DRC — what would be their third since Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart in German.

Retrieved from ” https: Under an agreement reached in August, the rebels had pledged to leave Congo by September Earlier Wallstrom was quoted as saying that this withdrawal would make the struggle against sexual violence in the region significantly more difficult.

Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda – Wikipedia

They were the ones that fought around PepaMobaand Pweto in late According to the U. In mid, a number of attacks forced 25, Congolese to flee their homes.

The ADF currently number felr combatants but the high level of secrecy in the organization and its compartmentalized structure make it difficult to ascertain its overall strength. Views Read Edit View history. The FDLR had attacked several other villages in the preceding weeks and clashes occurred between FDLR forces and the Congolese Army, during which government forces are reported to lda lost men killed and wounded.

Their trial is the first to be held in Germany for crimes against this law. Retrieved 24 Lrra This was in September Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

This page was last edited on 9 Septemberat Print Email Twitter Facebook. What is the rule of law?

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13. Demands that all armed groups, in particular the FDLR, the LRA, Mai Mai Y…

It was stated that if all of the FDLR commanders, who are believed to control about 10, militants, disarmed and returned, a key source of cross-border tensions would be removed. The ADF was formed around by a merger of various lrra of discontented sectors of Ugandan society which felt alienated after the overthrow of Idi Amin.

Following several days of talks with Congolese government representatives, the FDLR announced on 31 March that they were abandoning their armed struggle and returning to Rwanda as a political party. At this time it was thought to have between 15, and 20, members.

Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The group appears to be receiving external funding from unknown sources. Archived from the original on Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

The Ffnl government stated that any returning genocidaires would face justice, most probably through the gacaca court system. Its public purpose is to use military pressure to open “inter-Rwandan dialogue” with the current Rwandan government, but its covert purpose appears to be to overthrow the Rwandan government.

While most of the FNL integrated into the national Burundian army after the elections in mid the remnants restarted rebel activities.

Most of its members are Islamists who want to establish Shari’a law in Uganda. The talks held in RomeItaly lda mediated by Sant’Egidio. The Group further commented that “The attack at Busurungi on 10 May was conducted in clear violation of international human rights law and international humanitarian law.