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Comparisons, cultural transfers, and the study of networks: Implementation took longer to reach Rio de Janeiro because of strong opposition from liberal jurists, who ractiloscopia body measurements were humiliating. According to proponents, fingerprinting was better because its practicality had been proven through more than a decade of use at police offices and by scientists around the world. With Renato Carmil and Souza Gomes at the helm, the new office proved more industrious: The purpose is not, in the words of Pierre-Yves Saunierp.

A network of international contacts linking South American and European police gradually gained shape, but at its outset it was not exclusively a police network. Juan Vucetich arrived in Argentina that same year.


When Buenos Aires took on the role of federal capital, a new capital had to be invented for the province, one that would have its own police department. After several visits to the Buenos Histoeia Anthropometric Office, which was hustoria headed by Drago, he reached the conclusion that it would be very challenging to implement the anthropometric system properly. Other studies have analyzed the role of medical and scientific conferences and shown that in the early twentieth century, these encounters played a central role in fostering exchange among Latin American scientists Almeida,p.

The government itself, its judicial and prison bureaucracies, and therefore identification practices were centralized in historka capital, Montevideo.

Analysis of the pathways of the anthropometric system in Atlantic South America suggests that far from constituting a linear process of dissemination from a European center to a Latin American periphery, local dynamics were essential to its application and scientific legitimization.

On the one hand, we can problematize the interpretative key that explains scientific exchanges as a mere transfusion of ideas from a center that produces science to a periphery that receives it. Armand Ugon, Enrique et al. Dactiloscopia Policia Nacional Colombia Documents. Inthe physician Henrique Monat submitted to the Rio de Janeiro chief of police a report on the workings of this system, which he had had the opportunity to study in France.

Catalog Record: Brief history of identification | Hathi Trust Digital Library

His role as a regional expert was undoubtedly greatly strengthened in the early twentieth century with the advent of fingerprinting and his radical opposition to anthropometry, but his reputation had initially gained shape in South America during the s, linked to his knowledge of bertillonage.


The vast Province of Buenos Aires was divided into four legal departments, requiring the police to open four identification offices.

Decisions made at scientific congresses were indispensable to upholding the validity of one system or another, but when it came to their everyday application at police and prison institutions, the decisions made by the experts were heavily constrained daciloscopia the political web of actors. In Septemberwhen an anthropometric identification service was inaugurated in La Plata and bertillonage became a routine part of the work there, Vucetich began recording prints from all ten fingers of those arrested — a pioneer endeavor on dactilosvopia world stage.

Final considerations At the dawn of the twentieth century, fingerprinting sparked enthusiasm similar to what had been triggered by the arrival of bertillonage in South America. Radical History Reviewn. At the interface of science and state bureaucracy, the legitimacy of these identification methods was decided in various daxtiloscopia. The article explores the transnational circulation of methods for identifying people in South America.

During the first years of the Brazilian Republic, in a context of modernization of judicial and police bureaucracies, attempts were made to put bertillonage into practice. It analyzes both the implementation of the anthropometric system at police departments in Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil starting in the s, as well as the criticisms that were aimed at this method when fingerprinting took hold in the region in the early twentieth century.

It identified hundreds of repeat offenders every year, including some who had tried to conceal their identities behind aliases. At the same time, the later success of fingerprinting highlights the importance of regional circuits in the context of a broader network of asymmetrical relations among distinct centers of scientific production.

Inthe central department moved into a luxurious new building, which still houses police headquarters today, and the anthropometric office was installed there. Carta de 30 jul.

These s works were enthusiastically received in Uruguay in the context of reforms intended to modernize the Montevideo police. In all cases, however, the multilateral ties between police departments in these cities were in large part formed in hitoria with innovations dactilosxopia the field of identification.

Presses Universitaires de Rennes. First to describe fingerprints Documents. Although these regional circuits cannot be seen as autonomous, they were part of a complex web of transnational ties that enabled adoption of the anthropometric system in the late nineteenth century and hiwtoria rapid transnational expansion of fingerprinting in the early twentieth.

It is likewise important to take into account the ties that bound state elites with jurists and physicians who had tight connections both to international circuits where scientific innovations circulated and especially to the reception of criminology in Argentina. News of bertillonage reached South America owing to these travels, which often included visits to the anthropometric service in Paris and personal meetings with Alphonse Bertillon.


El poder de curar. Nor was the erosion of bertillonage grounded in, for example, criticisms of its statistical foundations.

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Fisilogo checo, uno de los creadores de la moderna histologa. Cards were classified on the basis of distinguishing marks and scars, divided into 58 categories corresponding to the various regions of visible parts of the body. Over the course of the s, he introduced some changes both to fingerprinting itself and to the classification of prints.

See debates on this topic in SiegelHistiriaSaunierand Barros The history of the anthropometric system in these three countries involved many travels by physicians, jurists, and police agents to Paris, debates over its suitability to local contexts, and an open controversy about identification techniques. Ediciones de la Banda Oriental. Aux origines de la police scientifique: Other distinguishing marks mentioned on the description card were to be examined and, lastly, fingerprints and metric photographs taken.

As a result, Giribaldi — doctor and personal friend of President Claudio Williman — had enough political capital to preserve his anthropometric office in the context of a regional groundswell of adctiloscopia for xe. Purkinje fue el primero en utilizar un micrtomo para realizar delgados cortes de tejidos para la observacin microscpica y fue de los primeros en utilizar una versin mejorada dactiloscopiw microscopio compuesto.

Inthe Buenos Aires Provincial Police Department stopped using the anthropometric system for most cases and officially adopted the new physical description system Vucetich, At the same time, the Province of Buenos Aires was so large geographically speaking that the infrastructure costs and skills required to open local offices were prohibitive, and so it was hard to identify all who were taken into custody.

The system also included: On the one hand, the police were taken to dactilosccopia for their political allegiances during the civil wars that stretched until Nace el 17 de diciembre en Libochowitz, Bohemia actual Checoslovaquia The armed struggles between the colorados and blancos in Uruguay came to an end in Standing up to this ddactiloscopia, members of the National Academy of Medicine Academia Dactilscopia de Medicina defended bertillonage and were successful in having an anthropometric office established in the federal capital in