O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.
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Overall it follows a standard structure: Identifying the methodological characteristics of European green city rankings.
Within the international context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, Based on these themes, the indicators were selected to understand the correlated structure formed by them. Indicators for monitoring water, sanitation, and hygiene: The FA summarizes the variables and generates factor scores for the municipalities.
Final considerations This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation. According to Kern apud Meijering, Kern and Tobi,one tool that has often been used to influence national and international political discussions is the European green city rankings.
After nine years of the Sanitation Law that defines the national guidelines in this area, it is still necessary to clarify the elements characterizing basic sanitation, and seek tools that enable monitoring sanitation in municipalities.
The municipalities selected for the analysis were those which possessed a majority of the information related to the four components of basic sanitation, this being a sample that conveniently represents Introduction In Brazil there are roughly 3.
Saneamento Básico – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia
To accomplish this, we used 83 metric variables, and 9 dichotomic variables related to urban drainage which has a scarcity of data. The objectives of the FA were: The justification for this factor score is that it is computed based on the factor weights of all of the variables that make up a factor, avoiding a repetition of information.
In this sense, different weights were not attributed due to theoretical importance; equal weights were considered for all of the factors. There is also a sanitation ranking initiative that has been undertaken by the government of India.
Ecological Indicatorsv. Sanitation indicators Within the sanfamento context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, From the point of view of public administration, the monitoring of data is important and necessary in order to accompany the progress of activities, improve the transparency of the accounting, and demonstrate results Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram, Secretaria do Meio Ambiente.
This is an estimate, because an attribute cannot always be measured by just one indicator. Adapted from Giovannini and collaborators and Meijering, Kern and Tobi Rio de Janeiro, In terms of the WSW Coverage indicator, the value of 25 is much larger than the second largest value. In addition, it was necessary to differentiate the value of zero, to not arrive at a 1144 value of zero, by considering the value closest to zero. Step 3 is based on exploratory factor analysis FA to determine the structure of the relationships between the variables Corrar, Aaneamento and Dias Filho, Since this is an explanatory study, our application focuses on dr group of municipalities to evaluate the possibility of this type of usage.
In general, the MBSI values for municipalities are very close to each other. The concept of adequate sanitation was also defined through a thematic content analysis of the principles of the Sanitation Law, which have been grouped by these themes, forming the attributes xaneamento box 2.
It may be noted that the municipalities not included in the analysis due to a lack of data did not significantly affect the representativeness of the sample, given that the proportions were maintained. To do this, it will be necessary to monitor the sanitation situation in municipalities to determine the dimensions of the effort and resources necessary.
In terms of its contributions, this study offers: The strong points of the elaborated sanitation indicators are: Practical Perspectives Sanitation indicators: The correlation matrix analysis considered only values above 0. The analysis of the variables used to elaborate the composite indicators for basic sanitation is based on the Handbook on constructing composite indicators Giovannini et al.
August 1445, ; Accepted: Como citar este artigo.
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In terms of the weighting, in FA the weighting intervenes to correct the overlapping of information between two or more correlated indicators and does not measure the theoretical importance associated with the indicator Giovannini et al. After these tests, we used an octagonal rotation using the Varimax method to interpret the solution.
According to Hair and collaboratorsthe factor score represents the degree to which each municipality has a an elevated score within the group of items that have elevated weights for a given factor; that is, higher values with elevated weights for a factor result in a larger factor score.
As far as opportunities are concerned, this methodology can be applied to other states in future studies, and lej is a need for greater breadth in terms of indicators to monitor adequate sanitation services in these municipalities.
International Journal of Sociology and Anthropologyv. Abstract After nine years of the Sanitation Law that defines the national guidelines in this area, it is still necessary to clarify the elements characterizing basic sanitation, and seek tools that enable monitoring sanitation ee municipalities.
This data demonstrates the zaneamento for improvements in basic sanitation. The degree to which the results can be generalized was tested by dividing the sample randomly into two sub-samples and the results of the Varimax rotation loads, the commonalities, and the factor structure proved to be stable, because there was no representative load of the variable in other factors.
In terms of universalization, the SNIS is still not able to furnish information about sanitation in the rural and peripheral areas discussed in the study conducted by Schneider and collaborators In terms of limitations, we can cite the lack of available data for all of the municipalities, the reliability of the collected data, the difficulty of integrating information from various databases, the manner of comparing municipalities based on profiles, and the aggregation of data which has the limitation of using a compensatory method, even though this was only used to a partial extent.
Only Profile I had a large reduction in representativeness.
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Even dd the indicators make decision making possible, this study has not sought to evaluate the impact of the program or sanitation policy. The visualization of the classification results facilitates the interpretation of information in a clear and objective manner.
In terms of the sample size, according to Hair and collaboratorsthere need to be more observations than variables, with the minimum acceptable ratio being 5: