Information about the Mexican Long-nosed Bat (Leptonycteris nivalis), a species found in the State of Texas. Abstract. In this study we analyze the population dynamics of the migratory and nectarivorous Leptonycteris nivalis (Mexican long-nosed bat) in relation to foo. Learn more about the Mexican long-nosed bat – with amazing Mexican long- nosed bat videos, photos and facts on Arkive.

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Mexican Long-nosed Bat Order Chiroptera: A medium-sized bat with short ears, no tail, and a distinct nasal leaf; forearm furred above at elbow; upperparts drab brown, the hairs white basally; underparts pale drab, tips of hairs silvery.

A Mexican species that enters Texas in the Big Bend region.

Known in Texas from southern Brewster and Presidio Counties. This is a colonial, cave dwelling bat that usually inhabits deep caverns. The only known colony of these bats in the United States is found in a large cave on Mt. Emory in Big Bend National Park.


Mexican long-nosed bat videos, photos and facts – Leptonycteris nivalis | Arkive

The number of bats using the cave fluctuates widely from year to year with yearly estimates of population numbers ranging from zero to 13, Reasons for this instability are unknown, but it may be that this colony forms only in years when over-population or low food supply in Mexico force the bats to move northward.

This bat has recently been classified as endangered by the U.

Fish and Wildlife Service. At the Emory Peak cave, L.

Adult males and females may be present. They share the cave with a large colony of big-eared bats Plecotus ; each colony roosts in a different part of the cave, but not more than 6 m apart. The air in this cave in considerably cooler in summer than that outside, and a distinct breeze blows through it at all times.

The cave is not used in winter; the inhabitants migrate to Mexico. This bat has a strong, musky odor similar to that of the Leptonycyeris free-tailed bat. The seasonal occurrence of L. These plants open their flowers at night and attract bats with copious amounts of nectar.


Leptonycteris nivalis – Bats of Texas

As the bats feed, their fur gets coated with pollen grains. When they fly to another plant in search of more food, they transfer leptonycterks pollen to a new flower, assisting in cross-fertilization of the plants. This mutual relationship is so strong that both the bats mivalis the century plants cannot survive without the other. As the flower stalks of the agaves die by late summer, the bats disappear as there is nothing left for them to eat.

Greater long-nosed bat

Peptonycteris breeding season is restricted to April, May, and June. Females give birth to one young annually. Leptonycteris nivalis Saussure Description. Tuttle, Bat Conservation International.