Notes to Hasdai Crescas Rabbi Josef Ibn Shem Tov, the Hebrew translator, says that Crescas wrote another polemical book in Catalan based on quotations . Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas, (born , Barcelona?—died , Saragossa, Spain), Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian. Hasdai Crescas was a Spanish Jewish philosopher who lived from In The Jewish Religion, Rabbi Louis Jacobs described Crescas as “one of the.

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In order to reaffirm Jewish principles under severe persecution of the Jews in Spain, Crescas wrote a treatise, Refutation of the Principles of the Christiansa critique of ten principles of Christianity. Crescas then reaches the conclusion that drescas decision making process is fundamentally deterministic, though people voluntarily choose the attitudes and feelings behind their own actions.

Until recently this book hadn’t been translated completely in any occidental languages, though it had influenced general occidental philosophy, especially via thinkers like Pico della Mirandola and Spinoza.

Studies in Jewish Law, Thought, and History.

His life Crescas was born in Barcelona to a revered family of merchants hasda rabbis around Crescas’ work was of prime and fundamental importance through its role in the shaping of Baruch Spinoza’s system. In this argument we see Crescas utilize the work of the Jewish apostate Abner. The differentiation between the indefinable essence of God and the attributes that are related to that essence. Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative.

Hasdai Crescas – New World Encyclopedia

The Torah is only another cause that tries to influence humans to do good. After the pogrom, Crescas continued to teach Torah, Talmud, science, and philosophy. Internet URLs are the best. Hasdai Crescas was the first European philosopher to reject Aristotelian cosmology and oppose the extreme rationalism of Crescaz. Maimonides had rejected as futile and unwarranted all inquiry into the ultimate purpose of the world.


In Crescas’s opinion, humans cannot understand the true essence of God, and nor can they speak of him but negatively like the opinion of Maimonides. Crescas’s most probable source here is Gersonides. During the catastrophic period of Spanish-Jewish history between andHasdai Crescas wrote a treatise, Or Adonai Haddai of the Lord, written inand printed in Ferrara in seeking to define and strengthen the Jewish faith in the face of constant attack from Christians and the threat posed by Aristotelian philosophy.

In his opinion, only the common existence of matter and dimension cause the impermeability of the body. Hasdai ben Abraham Crescas c. His emphasis on the emotional side of religious observance influenced Renaissance figures such as Marsilio Ficino and Giordano Bruno Fourteen beliefs for which the Torah does not clearly establish what the correct opinions are. Former thinkers made immortality depend on the attainment of knowledge. Sign in Create an account.

Linked bibliography for the SEP article “Hasdai Crescas” by Shalom Sadik – PhilPapers

The Torah gives the easiest way to achieve our spiritual goals. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. See Sadik for Abner’s opinions. His first major work, begun at age 23….

The major trend of Jewish philosophers, and chiefly Maimonides, was to prove that people can come closest to the true understanding of God through philosophy. This deterministic understanding of the world no doubt ultimately influenced Spinoza’s opinion.

The Greek philosopher concludes from this observation the impossibility of the existence of a void. The opinion that human attributes and divine attributes are common in essence but divergent in quantity. Crescas asserted that there is no hasxai in the idea of empty space or an infinite magnitude; and that all bodies have weight, not a ctescas tendency upward or downward.


From the human subjective point of view, attributes may appear to suggest differences in God; but this does not mean that they do so in Xrescas objectively.

He learned in the yeshiva Jewish academy of the town, which was headed by Rabbi Nissim of Gerondi. This rapture is the reward of the just in the hereafter.

Gasdai essence hwsdai the soul and life after death Crescas devotes an important portion of the sixth part of the second essay to the question of the soul’s essence.

Religious tradition is so heavily in favor of the assumption that the world and matter are created, and Gersonides ‘ counter-reasoning is so inconclusive, that Crescas regards the denial of creation as heterodox.

To refute the above supposition while maintaining the relevance of the commandments, Crescas uses the first four chapters of Part Six cresxas develop an uncompromising determinism that lives in harmony with human choice and a system of reward and punishment that are restricted to the realm of personal feelings and self-judgment. In his opinion there are three different levels of material existence.

Hasdai Crescas

Some scholars understand these chapters as a departure from the deterministic opinion of Crescas. There are some questions in which philosophy and revelation provide the same answers, but there are also beliefs that pure philosophy cannot claim, such that only revelation can tell us what the truth is.

Retrieved from ” https: A son of Crescas died in Barcelona, and the yeshiva of Barcelona, one of the most important in the Middle Ages, disappeared.