This document describes how to build, install, and configure LVM for Linux. A basic description of LVM is also included. This version of the HowTo is for LVM 2 . This tutorial refers to version 2 of the Logical Volume Manager (commonly referred to as LVM2). The original LVM had a broadly similar architecture, but lacked. In this complete Beginner’s friendly tutorial, we will discuss LVM. LVM or Logical Volume Management is a disk partition management utility.

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This process is analogous to mounting a filesystem, except that the default behaviour is to activate all volume groups automatically. Thank you very much for the Excellent article.

In the beginning we will act as if each has only 25GB of disk space thus using only 25GB on each of themand in the course of the tutorial we will “replace” our 25GB hard disks with 80GB hard disks, thus demonstrating how you can replace small hard disks with bigger ones in LVM. This is done by:. Run apt-get install console-data console-tools debconf dpkg-reconfigure console-data or connect ot the virtual machine with an SSH client such as PuTTY.

The reader understands what can be reversed and what not.

Your style of instruction apparently works for me specifically. Physical volumes are usually detected automatically see below.

For example, it is not uncommon for software RAID devices to be made into physical volumes so that they can be divided into a number of smaller block devices.

LVM (Logical Volume Manager) Tutorial

As LVM is a rather abstract topic, this article comes with a Debian Tutoria VMware image that you can download and start, and on that Debian Etch system you can run all the commands I execute here and compare your results with mine. LVM also offers advanced features like snapshotting, striping, and mirroring. Our LV is now formatted with ext4 filesystem.


Be aware that the block length a device presents to the operating system is not always equal to the length that it uses internally.

Linux Logical Volume Manager Tutorial | Linux Training Academy

Hopefully, by this point, you will have a fairly good understanding of tutoriaal various components that LVM manages to create a flexible storage system. Successful use of this technique requires some care because you effectively need to do the work of CLVM manually and with nothing to protect you from the consequences of lv,2 mistakes.

The main advantages of LVM are increased abstraction, flexibility, and control. With the help of LVM, we can easily manage our partitions, we can extend our partitions, reduce them, replace a failing disk or adding new disk to increase the capacity. In the situation below the physical volume is on the first partition of the disk labeled as sdb, so adapt for your specific situation:.

A volume group can ovm2 sliced up into any number of logical volumes.

A Beginner’s Guide To LVM

Great guide, thank you: Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin and open source topics. Thank you Falko for a great guide that helped me after 3 days of complete and utter frustration wrapping my head around this simple set of tasks. To specify the size directly, you can use the -L option. That way you can enlarge one or more logical volumes later on if you feel the need for kvm2.

We can also provide a percentage and a unit to better communicate our intentions. Increase the capacity of an LVM volume group.

Physical volumes can be expanded while in use using the pvresize command. Useful guide on shrinking logical volume. You can request a rescan using the vgscan command, but as with pvscan you should rarely need to do this. Because of this relationship, the extent size represents the smallest amount of space that can be allocated by LVM.


It is a good practice to not allocate tutorlal full space to logical volumes, but leave some space unused.

Showing how to change things and then how to reverse those changes is excellent. The main drawback is that the content of the logical volume is much less likely to be recoverable if one of the physical devices were to lvvm2.

Introduction LVMtutoriial Logical Volume Management, is a storage device management technology that gives users the power to pool and abstract the physical layout of component storage devices for easier tutoeial flexible administration.

Whether the content is in a consistent lfm2 to begin with depends on what it is being used for. As you can see, the “workspace” volume has been created and the “LVMVolGroup” volume group is completely allocated. However, since there is significant administrative complexity in running any form of cluster, normal practice is to leave CLVM disabled unless you have a specific need for it.

Snapshots must be located in the same volume group as the original to which they refer. A logical volume is simply a mapping that LVM maintains between logical and physical extents.

This can be prevented by blacklisting any devices that should not be scanned using the filter configuration option.